Examination methods for men
Frequently used methods:
A man's fertility can be evaluated by means of a, thourough microscopic examination of the semen. The seminal fluid obtained by masturbation is examined under a microscope for quantity, shape (morphology) and activity (motility) of sperm.
Since the sperm quality can fluctuate greatly, this test is carried out twice at an interval of at least one month between the two tests. In addition, a microbiological examination of the semen should be performed. In rare cases a tissue sample is taken from the testes to check for the presence of any disorder that may impair the production of sperm cells.
When andrologic clarification by the urologist first a breast exam, optionally combined performed with an ultrasound examination. This will search for abnormalities in the testis and in the epididymis. The prostate is palpated through the rectum. Most of these organs are examined for safety by means of ultrasound.
Inadequate sperm production can be caused by a hormonal imbalance. This type of disorder can be ruled out by blood tests to measure hormone levels. However, hormone disorders are far less common among men than in women.
In the case of a low sperm count, tests can also be carried out to detect genetic abnormalities. This is done by taking a blood sample which is then examined in a laboratory.